Here is seen the two dimensional spin in its own body fixed coordinate system. Since the two axes of spin quantization are indistinguishable in the absence of any interactions, the new spin of √2 forms. This is a hermitian state with magnitude which is √2 larger than the usually point particle spin of quantum theory.
This movie shows how the quantum phase, in the y-axis, orients the 2D spin in 3D space and the two orientations form the resonance or exchange spin.
Note that the √2 spin can form in any of the quadrants and, since its eigenvalues are the same in each, each orientation of the spin is indistiguishable, leading to degeneracy of physical reality.
An isolated spin ½ forms a resonance or exchange spin which cannot be obtained from quantum mechanics. It can only be obtained by allowing for non-hermitian states. Moreover, the new resonance spin is the square root of 2 larger than the usual spin ½, and this is the source of the correlations that leads to violation of Bell's Inequalities.
This new spin can be oriented in any of its body fixed coordinate quadrants and this resonance state leads to an average net angular momentum of zero. That is, this isolated spin resonance has the properties of a magnetic monopole!
Since each √2 spin is degenerate, then physical reality at the microscopic level is different from that in our macroscopic world because of indistinguishability.
As soon as the √2 spin feels the interaction from a probe, its axes become distinguishable and the √2 spin cannot form. It leads to the usual point particle of spin ½ that we normally deal with in quantum theory.
With his Italian friends, in October, they go down to the grape market in the Jean-Talon area of Montreal and, while Bryan stands around saying nothing and trying to look Italian, he lets them bargain. Mostly they buy alicante, muscata and what ever is a good deal. These are fermented and pressed, then aged as long as the supply is large. Some like the wine and others do not. C'est la vie!
When five years old, his father, sitting in the garden of a pub in England, gave Bryan a taste of his Yorkshire Bitter. He screwed up his face in response, to which he father replied, “One day you will love it!” It is hard to get good English beer in Canada, but one can buy the English malt and hops, boil it up and ferment a brew. He makes Yorkshire Bitter and Guiness, puts these in pressurized kegs and stores it in a fridge that has two spigot’s on the front. This is popular.
Greatly appreciate a friend who introduced Bryan to orchid growing, he now has a greenhouse and grows orchids (see the photo section). In the greenhouse, he also grows spices, mint and various types of hot peppers.
Likely motivated by his maternal grandfather who was a cabinet maker and wood carver, Bryan has developed an interest in the English walnut period (1660-1740). He also collects antique clocks and has a collection of old watches.
As a teenager living in the raucous town of Alert Bay, B.C., he met a man called Ken Lamb and his wife, Shawn Lamb. Ken played the banjo and taught Bryan. Bryan later started picking and following the folk music popularity of the time, with Pete Seeger being his favorite. Later he played in hoot-nannies and was a regular in the 1960’s at the Inquisition Coffee House on Seymour Street in Vancouver. He played folk guitar and banjo and sang folksongs for $10 a night.
In his early 20’s, Bryan started to play the classical guitar. He let it slide for many years, but recently took it up again.
The Sanctuary name is rare and with the help of others, has got the Sanctuary line back to Norfolk in 1375. It is a single line that started in Swaffham, Norfolk and spread out. There are about 1000 in total. One branch came to Canada in the 1850’s and settled in Montreal. They lived in the house, which Bryan now owns, from 1879 to 1923. That line of the family has died out. Our common ancestor dates back to 1725.
George Frederick Sanctuary (g-grandfaterh), Anna Maria Broadly (g-grandmother), Left to right, standing: Thomas Arnold, Rawson, Edith Alice, Willian Thomas (gradfather called Tom), On grass, Clifford Ewart, in chair, Annie Louise; in the garden on George Street, Saltaire, Yorkshire about 1897. Not shown, and not born, is Jack who was born in 1903.
There is one branch of the family that is not part of his but bears the same name. In Quebec, Gerald Santorie fought with the French on the Plains of Abraham in 1759. After the British defeated the French, Gerald moved to Montreal and anglicized his name to Sanctuary. Those that stayed in Quebec, changed their name back to Santorie, but those that left for the USA (and they multiplied considerably) maintained the name Sanctuary. They have no connection to Bryan’s line.
Cross country skiing and downhill, were popular especially as his children were young. In recent years, he only skis when he meets his children, usually in Switzerland, where two of them live. Previously, most of the skiing was done in the Laurentian hills, North of Montreal, where they had a country house.
Started doing this in the 1990’s again motivated by his mountaineering children. He had a friend, Paul Scott, with whom he practiced. Did not do too much: best was a three pitch, 5.9.
Frequently goes hicking in the woods or canoe camping, mostly in Canada.
Was trained as Padi open water with his three children in 1989 in Maui on their way to a sabbatical in Australia. Went to the Great Barrier Reef and did other outings later. Now out of practice, but takes a re-fresher course when on vacation in the tropics.
In his earlier life, he did a lot of bad renovations on the various houses he owned. This changed with his present house, purchased in May of 2004 and, as mentioned above, was lived in by a branch of his family from 1879 to 1923. This house, 10 minutes to McGill and in the Shaughnessy Village, has many of the original features. With the help of an interior decorator and skilled trades people, he had the house resorted to its former glory. The ceiling moldings were stripped so the 120 years of paint build-up was removed. All the wood was stripped, the antique radiators were sand blasted, and the 2.5 inch thick original pine floors were restored. The bathrooms and kitchens are modern but the rest remain the same as much as possible. The three fireplaces work, two gas and one wood. The outside of the house was cleaned and tuck-pointed; the roof was restored with slate and copper; the woodwork was restored and replaced in the Victorian style and external lighting brightens the place up.
1) Invited Seminar “Effects of a Magnetic Field on the Transport Properties of Gases”, Ecole des Mines, Paris, March 1980.
2) Invited Seminar “New Equation of State for Chain Like Molecules”, Ecole des Mines, Paris, June 1981.
3) Invited Seminar “Spin Drills in NMR”, Department of Chemistry, York University, UK, November 1981.
4) Attended Royal Society NMR Meeting, London, December 1981.
5) The talk, “Multipole NMR, Application to 2 D, Coherence Transfer and Selective Excitation”, was given at the following institutions, being modified to specific audiences (March April 1982):
University of Nottingham, UK
University of Warick, UK
Oxford University, UK
University of Canterbury, UK
University of Norfolk, UK
Queen Elizabeth College, London
Leeds University, UK
Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, West Germany
Max Planck Institute, Heidelberg, West Germany
Eidgenossische High School, Zurich
6) Physical Chemistry Seminar “Multipole NMR, Application to 2 D, Coherence Transfer and Selective Excitation”, McGill University, October 7, 1982.
7) Leave of absence, 1981 1982:
1981 June and July, held a France Quebec exchange at the Ecole des Mines, Paris (accompanied by my graduate student M. Costas).
1981 (September) to June 15, 1982, at the Department of Chemistry, York University, England.
8) NMR Seminar Series “Multipole NMR, Application to 2 D Coherence Transfer and Selective Excitation”, Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, November 4, 1982.
9) Invited Speaker “Multipole NMR”, Magnetic Resonance Gordon Conference, June 20 24, 1983. 45 minutes.
10) Invited to write a contribution to Advances in Magnetic Resonance with Dr. T.K. Halstead (York) by Prof. J. Waugh.
11) Invited Speaker to the Waterloo Summer School on NMR to give a 2 hour lecture, June 1983.
12) Invited Speaker “A Unified Theory of N.M.R.”, Queen’s University, October 19, 1983.
13) Short course on N.M.R. imaging, Phillips, Eindhoven, Holland, October 31 November 11, 1983.
14) International Collaborative Exchange/Royal Society UK, June 1984 visit to York University, UK, to collaborate with Dr. T.K. Halstead.
15) Invited Seminar “Is a spin temperature established in single crystals of KBr?”, NMR Discussion Group, McGill Chemistry, August 1, 1984.
16) Seminar “Experimental evidence for multipoles in NMR of KBr crystals”, McGill Chemistry, February 7, 1985.
17) March 1985, visit to T.K. Halstead, York University, 2 weeks (NATO).
18) Invited Speaker “Multipole NMR”, University of Sherbrooke, January 22, 1986.
19) Invited Conference Speaker, September 1986, Radiofrequency conference, York University, UK, to present my multipole theory. 40 minutes.
20) April 1987 Experimental NMR Conference, Baltimore 3 posters
21) Invited to Waterloo summer school on NMR June 4 12, 1987 to give 3 hours of lectures.
22) Magnetic Resonance Gordon Conference, June 15 18, 1987, poster.
23) Invited Speaker (40 mins.) NMR 88, Canberra, Australia, February 12 16, 1988, “Use of Spherical Tensors to Describe Spin Dynamics of Multispin Systems”.
24) Invited Speaker (3 lectures) University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia, February 20 24, 1988, “Time Dependence and Lie Algebra Applied to Spin Dynamics of Spins”.
25) Invited Speaker (1 hour) Australian National University, Sydney, Australia, “NMR of Multispins INEPT and DEPT Sequences and Coherence Transfers.
26) Seminar (1 hour) Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, April 6th, 1988, “Spin Dynamics Using Spherical Tensors”.
27) Experimental NMR Conference, Rochester, New York, April 17 20, 1988, Poster.
28) NSERC/Royal Society exchange program to visit T.K. Halstead, York, May July, 1988.
29) Sabbatical leave 1989 1990, to Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
30) August 24 30, 1989, 10th Canadian Symposium of Theoretical Chemistry, Banff.
31) September 1 6, 1989, visit University of York, England, to collaborate with Dr. T. K. Halstead.
32) September 14, 1989, seminar at Hong Kong Baptist College, “Theory of Composite Pulses and Amplitude Moderation in NMR”.
33) November 3, 1989, Seminar at Hong Kong Baptist College, “Solid Echoes in NMR of Single Crystals of Spin 3/2 « 7/2.
34) November 6 14, 1989, gave a series of six two hour lectures at the East China Institute of Technology, Nanjing, China.
35) November 16, 1989, Fudan University, Department of Physics, Seminar, “Theory of Composite Pulses in NMR”.
36) December 3, 1989, Research School of Chemistry, ANU, Australia, seminar, “Multipole Theory in NMR and Applications”.
37) January 15 18, 1990, visit Food Research Division of CSIRO, Sydney, to collaborate on NMR.
38) March 14 30, 1990, East China Institute of Technology, Nanjing, gave short course on the NMR Theory of Composite Pulses and Pulses”.
39) April 3 7, 1990, attended ENC, Asilomar, California.
40) May 28 30, 1990, visited Dr. D. Doddrell at Mater Hospital, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
41) June 6 7, 1990, visited Dr. R. Bendall, James Cook University, Townesville, Australia.
42) July 16 17, 1990, attended CIC Halifax meeting and gave twenty minute invited talk, “Some Aspects of Pulses in NMR: Composite Pulses”.
43) February 17 23, 1991, Visited Kings College, London and U of York, U.K.
44) May 10 June 5, 1991, Seminars and collaborations in Nanjing, Beijing, Wu Han, China and Taiwan.
45) Attended ISMAR Conference on NMR, Vancouver, July 20 24, 1992 and gave a poster, “Exponential Operators in NMR”.
46) Co organizer of The 11th International Symposium on Theoretical Chemistry, August 2 7, 1992 with 215 participants.
47) Visit T. K. Halstead, U of York, UK, February 22 26, 1993.
48) Invited plenary lecturer at XII International Symposium on NQR, July 19 23, 1993, Zürich.
49) Invited lecturer: “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2 D NMR of Proteins”
McGill Chemical Society, Nov. 16, 1993
University of Calgary, Dec. 1, 1993
University of Alberta, Dec. 2, 1993
University of British Columbia, Dec. 9, 1993
University of Victoria, Jan. 13, 1994
50) Attended Professor M. Bloom’s Symposium and gave a poster, Dec. 5 8, 1993.
51) Invited speaker: Montreal NMR Discussion Group, February 2, 1994, “Fully Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2 D NMR of Proteins”
52) Visited T. K. Halstead, U of York, UK, May 9 14, 1994.
53) Attended “British Radio Frequency Spectroscopy Meeting”, King’s College, London, September 21, 1994. Poster “Use of Computer Algebra to Solve Long Standing Spin Dynamic Problems”.
54) Attended “3rd Variety in Chemistry Teaching Meeting”, U of York, UK, September 25 27, 1994. Invited speaker “Use of Multimedia Methods for Teaching Introductory Chemistry to Large Classes”.
55) Invited Speaker, Queen’s University, November 30, 1994, Title: “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2-D NMR of Proteins”.
56) Attended 12th International Symposium on Theoretical Chemistry, Aug 7-11, 1995.
57) October 2-8 1995, Hong Kong ,vistied Chinese University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Baptist University, gave a seminar “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2D NMR of Proteins”.
58) October 8-21, 1995, Visited Wuhan Institute of Physics, Wuhan, China. Gave a seminar: “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2D NMR of Proteins”.
59) Attended “The International 6th Beijing Conference and Exhibition on Instrumental Analysis”, Oct. 24-27, 1995. Gave an invited lecture, “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2D NMR of Proteins”.
60) October 28-Nov. 3, 1995, Visited Taipai University, Department of Chemistry and Department of Biomedical Sciences, Taipai, Taiwan. Gave a seminar “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2D NMR of Proteins”
61) September 1996 to march 1997, on leave at the Huygen’s Laboratory, Leiden, Holland, with Professor J. Hermans. Gave 4 seminars in this period on multimedia teaching in Leiden. Attended meetings in Lillystad, and Utrecht.
62) February, 1997, visited Professor Pascal Man, at the University of Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris.
63) March to April, 1997, visited Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India (Professor M. S. Krishnan). Gave 3 seminars on the structure of proteins from 2D and 3D NMR.
64) April 1997, visited Indian Institute of Science in Bangalor India, and gave a seminar on Structure of proteins from NMR.
65) May, 1998, Invited speaker to the Forth Symposium on Recent Advances in Biophysics, at the Institute of Biomedical Science, Academia Sinica, Taipai, Taiwan.
66) May, 1998, Invited speaker, chemistry department, AdademiaSinica, Taipei, “2D NMR of proteins: How CAPRI works”
67) May 1998, The Normal University of Taiwan, Taipei, “The use of multimedia in teaching science”.
68) August 1998, Invited speaker to the 13th Symposium on Theoretical Chemistry at UBC, gave an invited seminar “Automatic Assignment of Proton Resonances from 2and 3D NMR of Proteins”.
69) November 1999, Invited Participant in the Queen’s University workshop on the University Bookstore’s Vision Project.
70) February 2000, Visited the University of York, UK. Collaboration with T. K . Halstead and S. Duckett on quantum computing.
71) February 2000, Visited Pierre Intefela, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. Discussions of the teaching of introductory thermodynamics.
72) September 2000, Signed as the third author for the fourth edition of the text book Physical Chemistry by Laidler and Meiser.
73) September 2000, Signed as the sole author for the first edition of the multimedia component to accompany the text book Physical Chemistry by Laidler and Meiser.
74) November 2000, Visited the University of York, UK. Collaboration with T. K . Halstead and S. Duckett on quantum computing. Participated in writing the research grant proposal and planned the theoretical and experimental description of a 6 qubit system.
75) January 2001, Invited speaker at the LearnTec Conference in Karlsruhe, Germany: “The use of Proactive Interactivity and the Use of WebCT in teaching introductory chemistry”
76) October 18, 2001 WebCT invited talk at ICC McGill “The use of WebCT for teaching large classes”
77) December 2001, Research visit to the U. of York, quantum computing—1 month.
78) April 2002, Research visit to IIT, Madras, foundations of quantum mechanics
79) June, 2002, Research visit with R. F. Snider, UBC, Vancouver—10 days.
80) Summer 2002, Visit from M. S. Krishnan, IIT Madras for two months.
81) April 17 to 24, 2003, Vancouver: Quantum Mechanics for macroscopic systems, gave talk: “Entanglement and Disentanglement in Separated systems.”
82) Talk, MIT, May 5, 2003. “Entanglement and Disentanglement in Separated systems.”
83) 2003, June 1-6, Vaxjo Sweden: Quantum Theory: reconsideration of foundations. International Conference, Talk: “Entanglement and Disentanglement in Separated systems.”
84) “The statistical interpretation of entangled states” McGill Chem Soc. September 21, 2004
85) “The statistical interpretation of entangled states” McGill School of computer science. September 28, 2004
86) “The statistical interpretation of quantum teleportation” University of Geneva, Switzerland, January 18, 2005
87) “The statistical interpretation of quantum teleportation” University of Sherbrooke, Quebec, April 13, 2005
88) Invited 20 minute talk: “The statistical interpretation of entangled states” May 2-6, 2005 9th International Conference on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations; Besancon France
89) Signed on as Author for the 5th edition of the text book: Laidler, Meiser, Sanctuary: Physical Chemistry, Houghton Mifflin.
90) Attended conference, in Honour of Ebner Shimony, Perimeter Institute, Waterloo, July 17 to 21, 2006.
91) 2007, July 9-13, Vaxjo Sweden: Quantum Theory: reconsideration of foundations. International Conference, Talk: “Rationalization of EPR Coincidence Experiments ”
92) September 2007, meetings with Marian Kupczynski, Department of mathematics University of Ottawa on the understanding of Bell’s Inequalities.
93) December 17, 2007, meetings with Leslie Ballentine, Physics Department, SFU on dynamics of non-hermitian states.
94) December 18, 2007, meeting with Bob Snider, Chemistry Department UBC on foundations of quantum mechanics.
95) February 6, 2008 Meetings Richard Gill U of Leiden, Department of Mathematics on the foundations of Quantum Mechanics
96) February 7, 2008 University of Utrecht, Department of physics, Dennis Dieks Seminar, “Entanglement and non-hermitain states”.
97) Friday, February 8, 2008 University of Leiden, Department of physics, Han Woerdman Seminar, “Entanglement and non-hermitain states”.
98) Monday February 11, Alexei Grinbaum and Etienne Klein at IHPST Paris, Seminar, “Entanglement and non-hermitain states”.
99) Thursday February 14, 2008 Gunnar Bjork at School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH – Royal Institute of Technology Seminar, “Entanglement and non-hermitain states”.
100) Friday February 15, 2008, Mohamed Bourennane Alba Nova University, Stockholm, Seminar, “Entanglement and non-hermitain states”.
101) July 13-16, 2008 Boston, Massachusetts, USA, Optical Society of America conference: Quantum Entanglement and Decoherence: 3rd International Conference on Quantum Information(ICQI)
102) Invited talk by the physics club: Marianopolis CEGEP October 25, 2008, “The structure of the electron-extending quantum mechanics.”
103) February 5th 2009, Visit Carlo Beenakker, Lorentz Institute, U. of Leiden, regarding the 0.7 spin anomaly in condensed matter physics.
104) February 16th 2009, visit Jonathan Jones, Oxford Univeristy, UK, to discuss non-hermitian spin states.
105) Invited talk: Department of Chemistry, University of Munich, Germany, February 3, 2009 “Entanglement and a spin ½.”
106) Contributed talk, “Reconsideration of the Foundations of quantum mechanics.”, Vaxjo, Sweden, June 2009, “Two Dimensional Spin”
107) Invited Plenary Lecture: Chemical Society of Canada, May, 28 2009 “Entanglement and a spin ½.”
108) Talk: Chemical Society of Canada, May, 28 2009 “Entanglement and a spin ½.”
109) Talk: Chemical Society of Canada, May, 28 2009 “Physical Chemistry eBook”.
110) Talk: Information and Quantum Control III, Aug 24-27, 2009, “The Structure of Spin”.
111) 2012: Seminar: July 18, Indian Institute of Science, Mohali: “Spin, entanglement, non-locality and foundations of quantum mechanics”
112) 2012: Seminar: July 19, Punjab University, : “Spin, entanglement, non-locality and foundations of quantum mechanics”
113) 2012: Seminar: July 20, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra: “Spin, entanglement, non-locality and foundations of quantum mechanics”
114) 2012: Seminar: Juy 31, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore: “Spin, entanglement, non-locality and foundations of quantum mechanics.”
115) 2012: Gave a series of lectures at IIT Madras in Chennai on Spin theory from July 16 to July 30th under the NPETL (The National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning).
116) 2013; January 22, McGill Chemical Society: “A local realistic reconciliation of the EPR paradox.”
117) 2013; May 6, UBC: “A local realistic reconciliation of the EPR paradox.”
118) 2014: March Meeting of the American Physical Society in Denver CO March 10-14.
119) Visited my research director, Bob Snider, in Vancouver on March 11 2014.
120) January to June of 2015, Medical Leave
Professor of Chemistry
Otto Maass Chemistry Building
801 Sherbrooke Street West